SpringBoot如何使用Scala进行开发

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小编 2020-11-06发布
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来源:https://www.jianshu.com/p/fd81d46e5301

Scala是一门多范式的编程语言,一种类似Java的编程语言,设计初衷是实现可伸缩的语言并集成面向对象编程。Scala把Erlang风格的基于actor的并发带进了JVM,开发者可以利用Scala的actor模型在JVM上设计具伸缩性的并发应用程序,它会自动获得多核心处理器带来的优势,而不必依照复杂的Java线程模型来编写程序,接下来就介绍一下如何在SpringBoot框架中使用Scala来进行简单的Web开发,对scala不了解的建议先去学习基础哦

一、导入依赖

<?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8"?>
<project xmlns="http://maven.apache.org/POM/4.0.0" xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance"
         xsi:schemaLocation="http://maven.apache.org/POM/4.0.0 https://maven.apache.org/xsd/maven-4.0.0.xsd">
    <modelVersion>4.0.0</modelVersion>
    <parent>
        <groupId>org.springframework.boot</groupId>
        <artifactId>spring-boot-starter-parent</artifactId>
        <version>2.2.1.RELEASE</version>
        <relativePath/> <!-- lookup parent from repository -->
    </parent>
    <groupId>com.gjing.project</groupId>
    <artifactId>scala-demo</artifactId>
    <version>0.0.1-SNAPSHOT</version>
    <name>scala-demo</name>
    <description>Demo project for Spring Boot</description>

    <properties>
        <java.version>1.8</java.version>
    </properties>

    <dependencies>
        <dependency>
            <groupId>org.springframework.boot</groupId>
            <artifactId>spring-boot-starter-web</artifactId>
        </dependency>
        <dependency>
            <groupId>org.springframework.boot</groupId>
            <artifactId>spring-boot-starter-data-jpa</artifactId>
        </dependency>
        <dependency>
            <groupId>mysql</groupId>
            <artifactId>mysql-connector-java</artifactId>
        </dependency>
        <!--加入Scala依赖库-->
        <dependency>
            <groupId>org.scala-lang</groupId>
            <artifactId>scala-library</artifactId>
            <version>2.13.1</version>
        </dependency>

        <dependency>
            <groupId>cn.gjing</groupId>
            <artifactId>tools-starter-swagger</artifactId>
            <version>1.3.0</version>
        </dependency>
        <dependency>
            <groupId>cn.gjing</groupId>
            <artifactId>tools-common</artifactId>
            <version>1.2.7</version>
        </dependency>
    </dependencies>

    <build>
        <plugins>
            <!--加入Scala的编译插件,否则无法进行编译-->
            <plugin>
                <groupId>org.scala-tools</groupId>
                <artifactId>maven-scala-plugin</artifactId>
                <version>2.15.2</version>
                <executions>
                    <execution>
                        <goals>
                            <goal>compile</goal>
                            <goal>testCompile</goal>
                        </goals>
                    </execution>
                </executions>
            </plugin>
            <plugin>
                <groupId>org.springframework.boot</groupId>
                <artifactId>spring-boot-maven-plugin</artifactId>
            </plugin>
        </plugins>
    </build>

</project>

通过上面我们可以发现,和创建Java版本的SpringBoot项目没啥不同,只是引入了scala-library这个我们之前没引入的包,同时增加了对scala编译的插件

二、配置YML文件

server:
  port: 8080
spring:
  application:
    name: scala-demo
  datasource:
    driver-class-name: com.mysql.cj.jdbc.Driver
    url: jdbc:mysql://127.0.0.1:3306/demo?characterEncoding=utf8&useSSL=false
    username: root
    password: root
    type: com.zaxxer.hikari.HikariDataSource
    hikari:
      maximum-pool-size: 5
      minimum-idle: 1
      idle-timeout: 30000
      connection-timeout: 30000
  jpa:
    database: mysql
    hibernate:
      ddl-auto: update
    # 设置创表引擎为Innodb,不然默认为MyiSam
    database-platform: org.hibernate.dialect.MySQL5InnoDBDialect

swagger:
  base-package: com.gjing.project.scala.controller
  title: scala学习的demo

三、创建实体类

import javax.persistence._

import scala.beans.BeanProperty

/**
 * @author Gjing
 **/
@Entity
@Table(name = "scala_customer")
class Customer {

  @Id
  @GeneratedValue(strategy = GenerationType.IDENTITY)
  @BeanProperty
  var id:Integer = _

  @BeanProperty
  var customerName:String = _

  def this(customerName:String){
    this()
    this.customerName = customerName
  }

  override def toString: String = s"Customer($id,$customerName)"
}

这块和我们用java开发没啥不同,只是@BeanProperty注解会帮我们生成getset

四、Repository层

import com.gjing.project.scala.entity.Customer
import org.springframework.data.jpa.repository.JpaRepository
import org.springframework.stereotype.Repository

/**
 * @author Gjing
 **/
@Repository
trait CustomerRepository extends JpaRepository[Customer, Integer] {
  /**
   * 通过用户名查询
   * @param name 用户名
   * @return Customer
   */
  def findByCustomerName(name:String) : Customer
}

这里和JAVA不同的是泛型采用的是[]中括号,这点要注意

五、Service层

import cn.gjing.tools.common.result.PageResult
import com.gjing.project.scala.entity.Customer
import com.gjing.project.scala.exceptions.MyServiceException
import com.gjing.project.scala.repository.CustomerRepository
import javax.annotation.Resource
import org.springframework.data.domain.Pageable
import org.springframework.stereotype.Service

/**
 * @author Gjing
 **/
@Service
class CustomerService @Resource()(customerRepository: CustomerRepository) {
  /**
   * 保存用户
   *
   * @param name 用户名
   */
  def saveCustomer(name: String): Unit = {
    var customer = customerRepository.findByCustomerName(name)
    if (customer != null) {
      throw MyServiceException("添加失败,用户已存在")
    }
    customer = new Customer(name)
    customerRepository.save(customer)
  }

  /**
   * 分页查询
   *
   * @param pageable 分页对象
   * @return
   */
  def pageCustomer(pageable: Pageable): PageResult[java.util.List[Customer]] = {
    val page = customerRepository.findAll(pageable)
    return PageResult.of(page.getContent, page.getTotalPages, page.getSize, page.getTotalElements, page.getNumber)
  }

  /**
   * 更新用户名
   * @param id 用户id
   * @param name 用户名
   */
  def updateCustomer(id: Integer, name: String): Unit = {
    val customer = customerRepository.findById(id).orElseThrow(() => MyServiceException("更新失败,用户不存在"))
    customer.setCustomerName(name)
    customerRepository.saveAndFlush(customer)
  }

  /**
   * 删除指定用户
   * @param id 用户id
   */
  def deleteCustomer(id:Integer): Unit = {
    val customer = customerRepository.findById(id).orElseThrow(() => MyServiceException("删除失败,用户不存在"))
    customerRepository.delete(customer)
  }
}

有意思的是,在scala中依赖注入是写在类名上的

六、Controller层

import cn.gjing.tools.common.annotation.NotEmpty
import cn.gjing.tools.common.result.PageResult
import com.gjing.project.scala.entity.Customer
import com.gjing.project.scala.service.CustomerService
import io.swagger.annotations.{Api, ApiImplicitParam, ApiImplicitParams, ApiOperation}
import javax.annotation.Resource
import org.springframework.data.domain.PageRequest
import org.springframework.http.ResponseEntity
import org.springframework.web.bind.annotation._

/**
 * @author Gjing
 **/
@RestController
@Api(tags = Array("用户的相关功能"))
class CustomerController @Resource()(customerService:CustomerService){
  @PostMapping(Array("/customer"))
  @ApiOperation("添加用户")
  @ApiImplicitParam(name = "customerName",value = "用户名",dataType = "String",required = true,paramType = "query")
  @NotEmpty
  def saveCustomer(customerName:String): ResponseEntity[String] ={
    customerService.saveCustomer(customerName)
    ResponseEntity.ok("添加成功")
  }

  @GetMapping(Array("/customer_page"))
  @ApiOperation("分页查询")
  @ApiImplicitParams(Array(
    new ApiImplicitParam(name = "page",value = "页数",required = true,dataType = "int",paramType = "query"),
    new ApiImplicitParam(name = "size",value = "条数",required = true,dataType = "int",paramType = "query"),
  ))
  def pageCustomer(page:Integer,size:Integer): ResponseEntity[PageResult[java.util.List[Customer]]]={
    ResponseEntity.ok(customerService.pageCustomer(PageRequest.of(page, size)))
  }


  @NotEmpty
  @PutMapping(Array("/customer"))
  @ApiOperation("更新用户")
  @ApiImplicitParams(Array(
    new ApiImplicitParam(name = "id",value = "用户ID",required = true,dataType = "int",paramType = "query"),
    new ApiImplicitParam(name = "name",value = "用户名",required = true,dataType = "String",paramType = "query")
  ))
  def updateCustomer(id:Integer,name:String): ResponseEntity[String] = {
    customerService.updateCustomer(id, name)
    ResponseEntity.ok("修改成功")
  }

  @DeleteMapping(Array("/customer/{id}"))
  @ApiOperation("删除用户")
  def deleteCustomer(id:Integer): ResponseEntity[String] = {
    customerService.deleteCustomer(id)
    ResponseEntity.ok("删除成功")
  }
}

这样我们一个简单的Scala版本的Web项目就写好啦,只需要启动就可以试着运行啦,本文的源代码地址:scala-demo,有任何不清楚的可以在评论区回复哈

回帖
  • 这样做有什么特别的好处么?在我的印象中,虽然scala也是java系的,但是毕竟和java不是一个物种,在scala中使用java代码必然会出现很多兼容上之类的坑……就像很多的东西不适合scala来做,比如scala的actor模型akka做的真的没有erlang的otp好……用scala来写spring的主要优点无非就是用scala来集成spring的生态,但是spring本来也没有对scala做官方支持,无数事实告诉我们生态上的差异是强融不了的……

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